What do gem cutters do?

A gemcutter polishes stone, using felt or canvas-covered polishing wheel, and polishing compounds, such as tripoli or jeweler’s rouge. Possibly using a mechanical facet-cutting device. A gemcutter may cut and polish diamonds for industrial purposes, and be designated as an Industrial-Diamond Polisher (jewelry-silver).

How much money do gem cutters make?

The salaries of Gem Stone Cutters in the US range from $21,640 to $67,210 , with a median salary of $37,060 . The middle 60% of Gem Stone Cutters makes $37,060, with the top 80% making $67,210.

What is used to cut gems?

Silicon carbide, a manmade compound of silicon and carbon with a Mohs hardness of 9.5, is also widely used for cutting softer gemstones. Other compounds, such as cerium oxide, tin oxide, chromium oxide, and aluminum oxide, are frequently used in polishing gemstones.

Is there money in gem cutting?

So the answer is yes, profit is quite good on this rough/cut stone. Even at the lowest rate I list which is $180/ct… with a cost of $97.50/ct the profit is very close to 100%. Of course if you yield higher or lower you will need to use the correct percentage figure, but you get the idea.

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How much does it cost to have a gem cut?

Stone Cutting Prices at Foggy Mountain Gem Mine in Boone NC

Type Single Two or More
Sapphire $60 $50/each
Aquamarine $50 $40/each
Garnet $50 $40/each
Amethyst $35 $25/each

How long does it take to facet a gemstone?

Smaller simpler designs maybe four to five hours a stone. Medium sort of stones about five to eight hours while other stones can take 2 or more days. Some stones like sapphires simply take a little longer to do because it is a hard stone. Big stones with big facets can take alot longer to polish.

What do you call a gem miner?

A gem maker is called a lapidary or gemcutter; a diamond cutter is called a diamantaire.

How much does a gemologist make?

Salary Recap

The average salary range for a Gemologist is between $42,331 and $70,357. On average, a Bachelor’s Degree is the highest level of education for a Gemologist.

What do you call a group of gems?

The word lapidary relates to precious stones, especially the things people do with them such as cut, polish, and set them in a fancy bracelet. … Someone who collects precious or rare stones has a lapidary hobby. You can also call a person who works with such stones a lapidary.

How do you cut gems at home?

To cut hard gems, use a faceting machine to grind them into the shape you want. If the gems are softer, like pearl or amber, you can use sandpaper and water to shape the gem. When picking a shape for your gemstone, choose one that’s similar to the current shape of the stone so you don’t waste a lot of it.

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How do you facet a gemstone?

Faceting methodology consists of mounting a gem crystal on a metal dowel, (dopstick), which fits into a quill, then rigidly addressing the Height-Angle-Index triangle with the faceting machine, and touching the locked-in-place crystal to abrasive laps in two sequential operations, faceting first the top (called the “ …

How can I make money with gems?

You can purchase rough gemstones from places like Madagascar and then sell them at a premium in the United States. Another example is to buy uncut gemstones, use the services of a gemstone cutter, cut the rough gemstones into jewelry pieces, and sell them to jewelry stores.

Are gems worth more cut or uncut?

A not so great stone MAY improve a little with careful cutting , but it may also loose a lot of weight , so it may have “ some potential value”, after cutting, But a stone without any gem quality can never have more value when cut.

How do you facet gems by hand?


  1. Lay the lowest grade sandpaper (the 180 grit) out onto the chopping board rough side up. …
  2. Pour a small amount of water onto the centre of the sandpaper.
  3. Polish the stone by rubbing the gemstone over with the sandpaper and water to create a smooth facet.

How are sapphires cut?

Typically the sapphire has a brilliant cut crown and a step cut pavilion (bottom portion). Most sapphires are cut using this method as it minimizes waste and maximizes the color and sparkle. A cabochon cut is the easiest type of sapphire to produce.