Under the cover of warfare the rebels committed heinous crimes against humanity in the form of murder, rape, and mutilation. The war between 1991 and 1999 claimed over 75,000 lives, caused 500,000 Sierra Leoneans to become refugees, and displaced half of the countries 4.5 million people.
How did blood diamonds play a role in the Sierra Leone civil war?
The DeBeers diamond company once financed mining efforts in Sierra Leone and provided a legal export trade route for the valuable gems. … Blood diamonds became the fuel that fed the civil war fires. Blood diamonds are any diamonds that have been mined in a zone of conflict and sold for profit to finance war efforts.
How do blood diamonds affect the world?
Diamonds intensify civil wars by financing militaries and rebel militias. diamond wealth. Rival groups also fight with each other to control diamond-rich territory. The tragic result is bloodshed, loss of life, and shocking human rights abuses – from rape to the use of child soldiers.
Why are Sierra Leone diamonds called blood diamonds?
These diamonds are often the main source of funding for the rebels; however, arms merchants, smugglers, and dishonest diamond traders enable their actions. Enormous amounts of money are at stake, and bribes, threats, torture, and murder are modes of operation. This is why the term “blood diamonds” is used.
Why are blood diamonds important?
blood diamond, also called conflict diamond, as defined by the United Nations (UN), any diamond that is mined in areas controlled by forces opposed to the legitimate, internationally recognized government of a country and that is sold to fund military action against that government.
Why are Sierra Leone diamonds special?
Diamonds are clearly linked to Sierra Leone’s underdevelopment. Small, transportable and extremely valuable, they played a major role in funding the country’s brutal civil war of the 1990s.
What are blood diamonds in Sierra Leone?
‘Conflict’ or ‘Blood’ diamonds are used to finance rebel forces in Africa and in-turn human rights violations to include forced labor and slavery have been carried out to help with the mining process. More than 120,000 people were killed and/or mutilated and millions more fled the violence in the country.
What are African conflict diamonds?
Conflict diamonds are diamonds that originate from areas controlled by forces or factions opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments, and are used to fund military action in opposition to those governments, or in contravention of the decisions of the Security Council.
Does Sierra Leone still have diamonds?
Diamonds are found in about a quarter of Sierra Leone in the south-east and east of the country, with the diamond fields cover 7,700 square miles. The main production areas are concentrated around the drainage areas of rivers in the Kono, Kenema and Bo Districts.
What countries are affected by the conflict diamond trade?
Diamonds have funded brutal wars in countries such as Angola, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, resulting in the death and displacement of millions of people. There is a reason they are dubbed ‘Blood Diamonds’.
Does Tiffany use blood diamonds?
Tiffany & Co. only offers conflict-free diamonds. We have taken rigorous steps to assure that conflict diamonds do not enter our inventory. … We have a zero-tolerance policy toward conflict diamonds, and source our diamonds only from known sources and countries that are participants in the Kimberley Process.
Is blood diamond movie a true story?
The diamond industry is abuzz over the new film Blood Diamond, a fictional account of rebel militias in Sierra Leone fueling a bloody civil war through the sale of the precious gems. … He promises to help a poor black fisherman find his kidnapped son in exchange for help locating the gemstone.
How do miners find diamonds?
Marine mining involves extracting diamonds from the seabed, deep under water. Ships with specialised technology are used to mine for diamonds deep out at sea by using a powerful crawler that sucks gravel on the seabed up through flexible hoses or pipes.
Which country is blood diamond about?
Sierra Leone—the setting for much of the film Blood Diamond—has improved as well, though the country’s recent Ebola outbreak set back some of that progress.
Are blood diamonds still a problem?
It shows that the production of conflict diamonds still exists in Sierra Leone. According to the 2005 Country Reports on Human Right Practices of Africa from the United States, serious human rights issues still exist in Sierra Leone, even though the 11-year civil conflict had officially ended by 2002.
Are blood diamonds still an issue 2020?
A lot has been done to address the issue of blood diamonds and conflict diamonds since then, but unfortunately, we still have a ways to go. … The diamond trade is an 81 billion dollars industry with 65% of mined diamonds coming from Africa.